Atlanta, the largest city and capital of Georgia, is the seat of Fulton County. It is the major commercial and transportation hub of the southeast United States, and its international airport is one of the busiest in the world. The city's economy is led by the service, communications, retail trade, manufacturing, finance and insurance industry. The convention business is also important, and Atlanta is home to many major corporations.
Notable sites include the capitol (1889), housing the state library; the city hall; the Woodruff Arts Center, home of the High Museum of Art and the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra; the Fernbank Museum of Natural History; the state archives building; Oakland Cemetery, containing Civil War dead; "Underground Atlanta," a four-block tract covered for 50 years by a viaduct system and restored as a tourist district; the Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site, Ebenezer Baptist Church; Grant Park, with its zoo. The Carter Presidential Center (1986) contains a museum and library dedicated to former President Jimmy Carter as well as a forum for the discussion of international issues.
Atlanta is also a major educational center, with many prestigious universities and colleges including Emory University (1836), Georgia Institue of Technology (1885), and Georgia State University (1913). Morehouse College (1867), Spelman College (1881), and Clark Atlanta University (1865;1869) are important historically black colleges.